60 VEBDICT OX INDIA Dr. Khan Sahib. He was Premier of the Congress Ministry which took office in 1937, but his greatest claim to fame is that his brother is Abdul Ghaffar Khan, better known as the * Frontier Gandhi/ The exploits of his brother are remarkable* He is physically gigantic, he is a Muslim, and a fighter; but he fell so completely under Gandhi's spell that he became a devotee of non-violence, and imposed his convictions on his followers, the Red Shirts. This organization, as its name implies, has many Fascist tendencies. ^ The Frontier Gandhi was in prison when his brother came to see me, and I felt a little embarrassed in consequence. But DP. Khan Sahib was courtesy itself. However, when he began to talk, he seemed at once to lose himself in a welter of conflicting ideo- logies. At one moment he was praising Gan,dhi*s anti-industrial- ization programme, explaining the doctrine of non-violence as a practical policy in the modern world, and poo-poolng the sug- gestion that Hindu-Muslim differences could not be entirely eliminated as soon as the British quitted India. And then he talked for another hour, praising Nehru's industrialization pro- gramme, bemoaning the fact that India was not properly armed, telling me numerous stories that showed up Hindu-Muslim differences in the most glaring light, and ending with a suggestion that the cure for India's ills was Bolshevism. When he rose to go I was obliged to tell him that I had not the faintest idea what he wanted or what he really thought. * Never mind/ he said, with a charming smile, *we will agree to differ.' But even that was impossible; you cannot 'differ' with a smoke- screen, you can only get lost in it. After he had gone, one of the doctors who had been treating me, came in to see me. 'Hullo,5 he said, cyour temperature's up. Whose fault is that ?' I told him that Doctor Khan Sahib, though a delightful person, had been somewhat fatiguing. 4Particularly about the communal business,' I added. cHe suggested at one moment that we encouraged it and then in the next breath he told me stories which proved that we did nothing of the sort/ 'And 111 tell you another,5 said the doctor. 'As soon as Dr. Khan Sahib became Premier there were serious riots in Peshawar.